Scientific Name: Rangifer tarandus
Subspecies: A total of 10 different subspecies have been described for the northern hemisphere, but only the three most important subspecies are mentioned below. 1. North American Caribou (Rangifer t. caribou): Alaska and Canada from the border to Alaska to Newfoundland. 2. Alaskan Caribou (Rangifer t. granti): Alaska. 3. Greenland Reindeer (Rangifer t. groenlandicus): North- and West Greenland.
Habitat: Tundra and coniferous woodland in the north (Woodland Caribou).
Description: Large deer weighing up to 300 kg and measuring around 1,30 m over the shoulder, reaching a total body length without tail of 2,20 meters. General colour dark chokolate brown in summer, greyish-white in winter, with pale underparts. Both sexes have antlers irregularly branced with several points, often semi-palmate in male.
Hunting method: Stalking, lying in wait from hide, on horseback.
Hunting available in: Alaska, Canada and Greenland.